Karnataka state has pioneered in several e-Governance initiatives in the country which have got national acclaim and have been followed by various other states. Going forward towards next era, Government of Karnataka has launched the Karnataka Geographic Information System (K-GIS) as a flag ship program of the state which is visualized as a technology to be a common platform that will consolidate and provide a future path that ensures availability of updated “GIS ready data” of specified standard that will go a long way in enhancing interoperability, integration, enabling the departments towards g-governance consistency and economy of effort. The concept is foresight of the Government of Karnataka and the Karnataka Jnana Ayoga (KJA), to set in process of consultation with the key departments in the government on the vision for a state GIS and for assessing needs through a broad consultation process. K-GIS is envisioned to be a major support to high quality state GOVERNENCE by embedding GIS in different aspects of governance – planning and implementation at national/state/local levels; bringing GIS support in decision making; enabling a sound process of monitoring development and 'identifying gaps in development'; make GIS data available at all levels-that helps bringing accountability and responsibility in state’s governance.
K-GIS will help reduce the duplication of GIS efforts in the state, remove redundancy and help create an authoritative GIS data available to all agencies, enterprises and citizens. K-GIS would have layers that would be organized from RS images and survey data/maps. Such data shall be integrated/fused with MIS/available data records of various departments. GIS based applications and decision support system for planning and applications shall be developed for each GOK departments as DSS. Citizen-centric GIS applications are also visualized as part of K-GIS. Karnataka State Remote Sensing Applications Center(KSRSAC) shall be implementing the program of K-GIS in the state. KSRSAC is the state’s nodal agency for RS and GIS activities and over the years KSRSAC has generated large amount of GIS assets on project basis, apart from building expert human resources in GIS within the Centre. KSRSAC has ensured that satellite images and GIS have been used from late 1980 onwards and Karnataka was one of the first states to establish a separate Centre for Remote Sensing (RS) and GIS. Availability of multi skilled expertise and the experience of handling variety of geospatial data and application development of the center has is the key for being the implementation partner for this mission mode project. Under this programme, all departments in the State are stakeholders and are mandated to share the Geospatial data and MIS to K-GIS and develop GIS based governance solutions.
The prime objective of K-GIS is to establish the state needs for a robust information and GIS based decision support systems and also focus to ensure continued availability of GIS ready data assets and applications for decision support, in a way easily accessible across the departments, citizens, private enterprises, institutions etc. The KGIS is expected to enable the policy makers, departments and public to make effective decision making process for planning and implementation of various developmental activities. KGIS shall help empowering citizens with GIS data for various information and development needs. It shall act as a single gateway integrated platform to access, acquire, process, store, distribute and improve the utilization of seamless geospatial information of the state through advanced tools for GIS analysis through simpler web and mobile interfaces system with an executive dashboard and other business workflows.
KGIS capacity building is a sustained effort for training and orientation of user/professionals for government and enterprise in GIS. The major component of capacity building is in-house and departmental training program, promote and outreach activity in spatial technology.
K-GIS Decision Support System (DSS) applications, a suite of GIS applications is designed and optimized to provide secure robust, reliable, responsive and scalable map services and applications to develop and built a robust multi-tier dynamic client-server system architecture. KGIS-DSS shall have specific configurations that can be used in performing geospatial data analysis. The K-GIS DSS will be based on a single window of GIS interface system - providing requested GIS data and relevant applications through closely integrated, yet loosely coupled multiple web-based decision support systems and web GIS services.
The K-GIS DSS will be dove-tailed/integrated with the K-GIS DSS (which are more suited for central ministries/departments). The advantage is that the same GIS database would power the K-GIS applications and specific DSS for states – this brings tremendous synergy and commonality of data and enhancing the value of decisions, governance, citizen participation etc (akin to the use of national census in the state’s planning as complement to any additional census done specifically at the state level for details/ aspects not covered by the national census).
Consulting with GOK departments, inputs have been obtained on specific GIS data and GIS Applications for Governance, as part of their departmental process. Such inputs have been received from some departments of GOK and the GIS Applications defined (these can be modified and additional GIS DSS for governance will be added.
The other factors of multi-tier architecture are work flow performance, backward compatibility, scalability and interoperability to provide 24X7 access, high availability and high level of security considered to both data (being crucial) and system.